By Celeste Wong, MVFF Programming Associate

Regardless of what happens at the Oscars®, Minari has already made history. Steven Yeun is the first Asian-American actor to be nominated for Best Actor, and producer Christina Oh is the first Asian-American woman to be nominated for Best Picture. Yuh-jung Youn also made history as the first Korean actress to be nominated for an Oscar®, and on April 4th, she became the first Asian actress to win a SAG award in any of the individual motion picture categories (be sure to check out [email protected]’s Yuh-jung Youn Retrospective, available until April 22nd). In celebration of this history-making awards season, I am highlighting our MVFF Contenders Season Conversation featuring director and screenwriter Lee Isaac Chung, and lead actor Steven Yeun, moderated by Turner Classic Movies host Dave Karger. 

Minari is an intimate story about a Korean-American family, who moves into a trailer home in rural Arkansas in the 1980s in order to start their own farm.  As an Asian-American, I was delighted and deeply moved to see this family grace my screen in a film that so boldly knew it deserved the grandeur of an “American classic.” As a human, I related to the familial tensions, the tenderness, the resentment, the comfort and the pain. I recognized the dynamics in the film’s central relationships, what was screamed between them, what was whispered, and what remained unsaid. In the details of the family members’ individual experiences was a universal understanding, accessible to audiences of all backgrounds. Lee Isaac Chung gave those details the space, the expansiveness, that made it impossible to call this film “small,” regardless of budget and any ill-fated attempts to marginalize it. I love listening to Chung and Yeun in conversation about this film, and I am particularly drawn to this segment below where Chung speaks to the intentionality behind making an intimate story feel epic.

Note: This excerpt is edited for clarity and length. Watch the full conversation below.

Dave Karger: I think one of the reasons why so many people are just loving this movie so much is that it works on these two different levels of being this very intimate singular family story but also feeling like a much larger American story, if you will. When you guys were making it and Isaac, when you were writing it and crafting it and imagining it, but also when you were making it, did it feel like a big story or did it feel like a little story or both?  

Lee Isaac Chung: Well, you kind of have to make a film with what you’re given when it comes to the resources. I knew as I was writing this film, the scope of the film that I could realistically be able to have access to. I knew that the way the film was going to be made needed to be on a simpler level or on a more essential level, but that the story itself needed to be big. The feeling of it, the heart of it, needed to be big. And that idea followed me as I was in production and throughout the entire edit: that essentially it’s a modest film, we have modest means in making the story, but as much as I can, I wanted the film to contain an epic. So thematically and feeling-wise, the emotions that you have while you’re watching it, the ending that you have, I didn’t want it to feel like this is merely a slice-of-life film, but that really you’re on an epic journey even though we’re shooting in a trailer home in Tulsa, Oklahoma. 

There’s only so much that you can do and it’s a credit to Lachlan [Milne], our DP, and our Production Designer, Yong [Ok Lee], because they were all on board with this idea. We would look at old classic Hollywood westerns on one hand, to drive that feeling of the epic, but we’d also think about Ozu, the Japanese filmmaker who made these intimate family dramas. We wanted to figure out how do you balance these two, the intimacy with the epic, and that’s what we hoped for.

Steven Yeun: I think from a cultural standpoint specifically, I felt so enriched by the fact that when Isaac wrote this script it was really directly truthfully from the point of view of this family, so in that way it felt intimate. It felt like it didn’t require a juxtaposition to anything else besides just its own intrinsic story, and because of that it felt like we were tackling things that felt authentic and real. And then to have incredible production designers and people to maintain the details, and all the actors to maintain the details, but carry them instead of explaining them, felt very beautifully intimate. Then on a larger front, what was really wonderful was it made me understand why I love participating in film so much, because you get to access and work towards a larger existential idea… 

We talked a lot about the right model for this character, for Jacob specifically, and James Dean came up a lot, just someone caught in a liminal space that can see things for what they are and desperately wants to shake everybody awake or at least not feel so isolated and alone, and there was something so resonant about that. It felt like I was accessing something deeply human and in that way it felt large and small at the same time.  

Dave Karger: Steven, I would imagine it goes without saying that as an actor you feel an extra layer of responsibility when you’re helping tell the filmmaker’s own story and essentially playing a character inspired by his own father. How did you wrap your head around that and get to a place where that didn’t become a paralyzing factor?

Steven Yeun: Well interestingly enough, I think the paralysis actually came from something other than feeling like I needed to service Isaac’s family because what was really great about how he wrote this script was he left a lot of space for us to bring our own perspectives into it. And in the way that he directed it, he allowed us that access…

Frankly, the biggest fear was I felt like I was servicing in some ways the Korean-American immigrant community and that was terrifying because we really haven’t seen un-caricatured renderings of our parents’ generation. And then even further we haven’t, at least I haven’t, seen renderings of that generation told in its duality and fullness so that they might simultaneously be bad and good at the same time. Usually it’s from our gaze or it’s from the American gaze and so it holds them either to the fire of suffering or through some sort of honoring because of their suffering. And while we don’t ignore that life is hard in this film, it was really more about letting them be true and that was very fulfilling in and of itself. 

Click here to view more of our MVFF Contenders Season conversations.






bridesmaid-dressesAt the top of the Rafael’s summer quarter, we are pleased to welcome modern dance legend Anna Halprin back to our stage to present and discuss her new collaboration with Swiss filmmaker Ruedi Gerber. For someone who has marked many milestones throughout her career in dance, Anna is about to achieve yet another one, as she turns 95 and is still going strong.




Performance and the lives of performers are strands that run through the Rafael’s upcoming programs, from the Grateful Dead concert film and Les Blank’s “lost” film about Leon Russell, to the remarkable new documentary Listen to Me Marlon, in which the acting legend Brando speaks to us intimately about his life and work. Perhaps performance is not an unusual theme for us, given the number of music films and documentaries we show in the first place, as well as our keen interest in the personalities that populate our screens.


Extraordinary numbers of personalities and screens were on display recently at the Cannes Film Festival, the biggest such event in the world. For us it represents going into high gear for the upcoming Mill Valley Film Festival, since some of the films and makers will likely figure in our 38th edition this October.


But Cannes is quite a spectacle in itself. More than 30,000 accredited professionals descend on Cannes for the duration of the festival. The most ubiquitous images that reach us from Festival de Cannes are the shots from the red carpet that leads to the 2,300 seat Lumi`ere, but there are screenings of all sizes and various importance taking place throughout the city all the time.


The official Cannes poster memorialized Ingrid Bergman, who, like Orson Welles, would have turned 100 this year. Like last year’s poster portrait of Marcello Mastroianni, the Bergman image represents the two pillars of what Cannes has come to symbolize: art and glamour. While we assume the casual fan is dazzled by the glamour, we “professionals” are expected to concentrate on the art. But no one is immune from being dazzled now and again, and Cannes is an appropriate place for that to happen.




– Richard Peterson
Director of Programming, Smith Rafael Film Center

















2015 at the Rafael

The first quarter of 2015 brings a host of major foreign film releases to the Christopher B. Smith Rafael Film Center. In January the Rafael again presents For Your Consideration, a selection of countries’ submissions to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Karen Davis and Janis Plotkin, senior programmers for the Mill Valley Film Festival, organized this series, with some of the films having also played at the recent MVFF.

Both foreign and English-language MVFF highlights return to our screens in several theatrical engagements: Mr. Turner, Beloved Sisters, Mommy, What We Do in the Shadows, Magician: The Astonishing Life & Work of Orson Welles and Living Is Easy with Eyes Closed.

But we’re also excited to offer some noteworthy releases that are new to theRafael and CFI, including the Russian Cannes-award-winner Leviathan and the outrageous Argentine Oscar-entry Wild Tales, a satire of human behavior chock-full of surprises.

As for more surprises in the category of coming attractions, we are happy to be working once again with the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences on two exclusive presentations at the Rafael. This will be our second edition of Hollywood Home Movies, featuring never-before-seen footage from the Academy Film Archive. In addition, Little Annie Rooney, a freshly restored Mary Pickford classic will grace our theater on tinted 35mm film. And for those following Science on Screen, we continue this ongoing series with two unique presentations this quarter.

People frequently ask whether or not a particular title will be coming to the Rafael. Often the answer is simple, but sometimes not. Our theatrical engagements, for the most part, are determined by the film’s distributor, which may or may not let us play the film we want, as well as by the timing of the movie’s release in the San Francisco Bay Area. A film might open in theaters one week after the Festival, but in other cases it could take more than a year to get to us, if at all. The most frustrating situation occurs when there are multiple titles available to us that need to open at the same time. After all, we only have three screens.

Some of the films in For Your Consideration have American distributors, but others don’t, and they may never find one. We have booked films from overseas distributors, just as we work eagerly and directly with individual American filmmakers, but it can be riskier and more expensive when we have the only theatrical engagement in the country and we’re “winging it,” creating our own marketing and publicity materials.

Whether or not we’re working with a distributor, we strive to provide our audiences with the best films and viewing experiences we can muster, ensuring that the Rafael is your first-choice location to see any film.


Art House Convergence

For the past several years, January has been a special month for us- not only for the annual Sundance Film Festival, but also for the Art House Convergence, a conference of theatrical exhibitors and likeminded souls gathered in Utah a few days before Sundance. Primarily consisting of people who run independent, community-based, mission-driven film theaters (nonprofits but also for-profits), the conference also attracts distributors, equipment suppliers and even some filmmakers interested in making new contacts.

The Art House Convergence is a valuable networking opportunity for its participants. Through panels, talks and discussions (both formal and informal), movie exhibitors can exchange information about challenges, opportunities and successes in the theatrical field. As you must be aware, films are being released on more platforms than ever before- it’s a veritable jungle out there- and the professionals who attend the Art House Convergence are passionate about preserving and nurturing the big-screen, communal experience of going out to the movies. From customer service and concessions to navigating the digital transition and its constant, often confusing evolution, the Art House Convergence offers time well spent.

The Christopher B. Smith Rafael Film Center and California Film Institute have had representatives every year at the Art House Convergence. Mark Fishkin, CFI executive director and founder, and Jan Klingelhofer of Pacific Film Resources, who consults and books for the Rafael, both serve on its Leadership Committee, along with colleagues from around the U.S., including Russ Collins, executive director of the Michigan Theater, who carries the torch as Conference Director.

Why am I writing about this conference? Because in July the Rafael hosts the second “regional” Art House Convergence, a one-day, mid-year event that was initiated last year at the Cinema Arts Centre in Huntington, New York. While the regional edition is smaller than the annual conference in Utah, it provides another occasion for veterans and novices of theatrical exhibition to meet and exchange ideas, another opportunity to attracts regional participants and perhaps another reminder for all of us to “keep the faith.”

These are challenging times for theatrical exhibition, especially for independent theaters like the Rafael that don’t show the mainstream titles that garner all the media attention and box office. The costs of digital presentation are extraordinary, and the theatrical experience is just one of many options that audiences have for entertainment these days. Every year it seems as if the poor little art house must carry a bigger and bigger drum in order to be heard. But the people who will attend the Art House Convergence believe in the communal experience of film and are dedicated to keeping it alive.